For almost one hundred years, it has been a mantra of biology –brain cells do not regenerate. In a startling discovery that could have profound implications for treating brain disorders and injuries, researchers at Princeton University have discovered that newneurons are continually being added to the brains of adult monkeys. The neurons are added to the cerebral cortex of the brain.
The cerebral cortex is responsible for higher level decision making and learning.
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The cerebral cortex is the most complex part of the brain and scientists were startled to find neuron formation in this “high” brain area. The cerebral cortex is responsible for higher level decision making and learning.
The researchers found the formation of new nerve cells, a process called neurogenesis, in three areas of the cerebral cortex:
- Prefrontal region which controls decision making.
- Inferior temporal region which plays a role in visual recognition.
- Posterior parietal region which plays a role in 3D representation.
Read More: http://biology.about.com/od/Brain/p/Regeneration-Of-Brain-Cells.htm